Microsoft offers many notable certifications out of which Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate or MCSA certification trains you in skills necessary to become a computer network specialist or a computer systems administrator. Take a look at a few interview questions and answer generally asked to MCSA certified Professionals.
1. What is Application Partition?
A: Application partitions are directory partitions that are replicated to domain controllers. These are part of the Active Directory system. Domain controllers included in the process of directory partitions have a replica of that partition. The values and attributes of application partitions can lessen replication traffic. The application partitions can focus only on one domain in the domain area unlike the domain directory partitions. This makes them more available and redundant.
2. What is the Location of the Active Directory Database?
A: The Active Directory database is stored on domain controllers and is accessible by network applications. All domains can be domain controllers and keep a copy of the Active Directory database in C:\windows\Ntds\Ntds.dit
3. What are the New Features Introduced in Active Directory in Windows Server 2008?
A: Read only domain controller and Fine Grain Password Policy
4. What is Windows Server Backup?
A: Windows Server Backup is a feature released for the Windows 2008 that provides a number of solutions on backing up the data on your computer in case of a system failure or any other issue. Windows Server Backup can backup a few files to a whole server. The server backup is accessible through command lines and a management console.
5. What are Pass Through Discs?
A: A pass through disc is a physical disc used for storing virtual discs and it has a disc format and file system.
6. What are Synthetic Drivers?
Synthetic drives are different and better than the emulation ones in their functions. They don’t imitate another program but, create another hardware complex device on a virtual platform.
7. What is Desktop Virtualization?
Desktop virtualization is a logical procedure to isolate and extract the OS or system from the client that is ready to access it. There are many types of desktop virtualizations some of which include virtual machines while some do not. If the operating system is locally controlled, users have to access their desktop through a network relating to a remote display protocol. The processing of the desktop virtualization is done in a data center. So, applications like tablets can join Host virtual machine. This virtual machine can be accessed by an individual and can be personalized the way he wants it. This is the most common and simplest way of accessing and using a desktop virtualization.
8. What is Branch Cache?
BranchCache™ is designed to improve application responsiveness and reduce WAN link utilization so that the servers can be accessed from remote locations easily. The remote computer uses cache of data that is maintained locally to reduce traffic over a LAN link. The cache can be stored on a server in the branch (Hosted Cache mode) or can be distributed across client computers (Distributed Cache mode).
9. What is Direct Access?
Direct Access enables users to access the websites, applications and internal network file shares securely without the need to connect to a virtual private network (VPN). An internal network is also called a private network or intranet. Every time a Direct Access-enabled computer connects to the Internet, even if this happens before the user logs on, Direct Access sets up bi-directional connectivity with an internal network. Users do not have to think about connecting to the intranet. The remote computers can be managed outside the office by the IT administrators, even when the computers are not connected to the VPN.
10. What is DAC?
Microsoft Dynamic Access Control or DAC is a data governance tool in Windows Server 2012 that allows administrators control access settings. It uses centralized policies to permit administrators to review who has access to individual files. Files can be classified manually or automatically.